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American History Before 1865: Exploration

Library and internet sources

Explorers Of America

Explorers of the US

Name Nationality Century Main area/s explored
William Healey Dall American 19th Alaska, Yukon
Juan de Oñate Spanish 16th American Southwest
Juan Bautista de Anza Spanish 18th California
Juan de Ayala Spanish 18th California
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo Portuguese 16th California
Eusebio Kino Italian/German 17th/18th Californias, Sonora and Arizona
Juan Ponce de León Spanish 15th/16th Florida
Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye French 18th Great Plains
Daniel Boone American 18th Kentucky, Appalachian Mountains
Zebulon Pike American early 19th Louisiana Purchase (United States)
Joseph Nicollet French/American 19th Mississippi and Missouri Rivers
René-Robert Cavelier French 17th Mississippi embayment
Louis Jolliet French Canadian 17th Mississippi River
Jacques Marquette French 17th Mississippi River
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado Spanish 16th New Mexico
Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac French 18th North America
Humphrey Gilbert English 16th North America
Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons French 16th/17th North America
Pierre-Jean De Smet Belgian 19th North America
John Smith English 17th North America
Sebastián Vizcaíno Spanish 16th Northwest Pacific, California Coast
William Baffin English 17th Northwest Passage
John Franklin English 19th Northwest Passage
Thomas Button Welsh 17th Northwest Passage
Sebastian Cabot Italian 15th Northwest Passage (Canada), Río de la Plata, Paraná River (South America)
Martin Frobisher English 16th Northwest Passage, Canada
John Rae Scottish Canadian 19th Northwest Passage, Canadian Arctic
Henry Hudson English 17th Northwest Passage, Hudson River and Hudson Bay
Jean Nicolet French 17th Northwest Territory (United States)
Benjamin Bonneville American 19th Oregon Country, Great Basin
John C. Frémont American 19th Oregon Trail, Sierra Nevada
Juan Pérez Spanish 18th Pacific Northwest
Otto von Kotzebue Baltic German 19th Pacific Ocean
Alessandro Malaspina Italian-Spanish 18th Pacific Ocean
Charles Wilkes American 19th Pacific Ocean
John White English 15th Roanoke Island
Kit Carson American 19th Rocky Mountains, California, Oregon, Great Basin
Sir Walter Raleigh English 16th/17th Virginia, Orinoco River
Thomas Cavendish English 16th Virginia, Pacific coast of Central and South America
David Thompson Welsh-English 18th/19th Western Canada, Pacific Northwest
Jim Bridger American 19th Western United States
William Clark American early 19th Western United States
Meriwether Lewis American 18th/19th Western United States
John Wesley Powell American 19th Western United States
Jedediah Smith American 19th Western United States, Rocky Mountains

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