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Pathophysiology for Occupational Therapy

OTHA 2301

Introducing Evidence-Based Practice

Evidence-based decision-making (Forest, 2002)

Dental hygiene care is evidence-based and this evidence is found in peer-refereed studies and journal articles. The American Occupational Therapy Association defines Evidence-Based Dentistry (EBD)  as:

The conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of the current best evidence (that is available) in making decisions about the care of individual.1

There are five steps in Evidence-Based Practice 2:

  1. Asking a Well-Defined, Focused Question
  2. Finding the Evidence
  3. Critical Appraisal of the Evidence
  4. Making a Decision
  5. Evaluating Performance

American Occupational Therapy Association. (n.d.) "Glossary of terms and abbreciations." Retrieved from


2CEBM: Centre for Evidence Based Medicine. (n.d.). "Tools: EBM tools for the five stages of Evidence-Based Medicine."   Retrieved from

Figure: Forrest, J.L. & Miller, S. A. (2005). Evidence-based decision making: A new term for a new concept. Dimensions of Dental Hygiene, 3(9): 12. Retrieved from:

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