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ENGL 1301-Summary Response Paper: Find Information

with Professor Dalvi

Information as Conversation

BEAM Model

The BEAM model was originally proposed by Joseph Bizup in 2008, suggested that there are four main groups of information that we use in research papers. Below is a break-down Bizup's four elements with examples of these types of information that one can relate into the assigned paper.


BACKGROUND  General information that is accepted as facts. It helps us understand the topic. We consider this type of information as reliable and authoritative. You might want to look at dictionary entries to understand a concept. Read an encyclopedia entry for an overview of a topic.
  EXHIBIT   Information to analyze and interpret. These are examples that support or provide claims. This might be statistics, data, and other articles that backup or highlight faults in the arguments.
  ARGUMENT The content that one engages in a conversation or argument. How and why do you support, dispute, refine, or extend the ideas? For this assignment, the exhibit would be the original article within which you are supporting and refuting ideas
  METHOD The way in which one analyzes the issue. Perhaps there is a set language, a procedure, or a model/perspective that one uses to structure the paper. This might not be a source of information that you cite, like the MLA Style for formatting your paper and citing the sources used.



Bizup, Joesph. "BEAM: A Rhetorical Vocabulary for Teaching Research-Based Writing." Rhetoric Review, vol. 27, no. 1, 2008, pp. 72-86. JSTOR,


  • What is the publication date or last date updated?
  • Is the content timely, useful, and valid for your information need?


  • Who wrote the content?
  • What makes that individual author or organization qualified to write it? What other information about the author is included?
  • Who sponsored the content?


  • Is the purpose of the content to inform, to entertain, or to promote a product or service? 
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Does the information seem credible? If so, can you check the information against another resource (i.e. book, journal article, newspaper, etc.) for credibility?


  • Is content biased?
  • Are opinions balanced or does the author have an agenda?
  • How does the bias influence the information?

Writing Style




  • Does the information contain a bibliography, references, or a comprehensive list of sources supporting its theme, topic, or agenda?
  • Is content presented at an appropriate level for an academic research paper?
  • Does the supporting information fit your research need?
  • Is the work complete, or is it a summary of other work?

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