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First Aid

PHED 1306 with Professor Almstedt

Define your Topic and Collect Background Information


Step 1: Topic Selection

  1. Read your assignment carefully.
  2. Think about what interests you.
  3. What would you like to learn more about the topic?

Step 2: Gather Background Information about Your Topic

  1. Search for general information on your topic.
  2. Start picking our keywords and concepts related to your topic.
  3. Work on narrowing down your topic to a particular research question.

Background Information

Books are a great starting place when you are looking for a topic and trying to narrow it down to a manageable research project. Like all types of information, books can offer you quick reference information or dive deep into a topic. You should always keep in mind for whom the information was written. For this project, you should steer away from popular medical information and start to dive into professional medicinal resources

Search the LSCS Library Catalog:

Keywords Anywhere   Subject   Title   Author


The Internet can be a wonderful source of original or primary sources.  When you are searching the web, determine if it is a credible source by critically applying the CAPOW criteria below:


  • What is the publication date or last date updated?
  • Is the content timely, useful, and valid for your information need?


  • Who wrote the content?
  • What makes that individual author or organization qualified to write it? What other information about the author is included?
  • Who sponsored the content?


  • Is the purpose of the content to inform, to entertain, or to promote a product or service? 
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Does the information seem credible? If so, can you check the information against another resource (i.e. book, journal article, newspaper, etc.) for credibility?


  • Is content biased?
  • Are opinions balanced or does the author have an agenda?
  • How does the bias influence the information?

Writing Style




  • Does the information contain a bibliography, references, or a comprehensive list of sources supporting its theme, topic, or agenda?
  • Is content presented at an appropriate level for an academic research paper?
  • Does the supporting information fit your research need?
  • Is the work complete, or is it a summary of other work?

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