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Diverse Studies

Sources to use for all things diverse


"Biased language frequently occurs with gender, but can also often groups of people based on sexual orientation, ethnicity, political interest, or race."

Purdue University

"Stereotyped language is any that assumes a stereotype about a group of people. For example, don't assume a common stereotype about blonde women..."

Purdue University

Bias-Free Language:

The APA emphasizes the need to talk about humans with respect and inclusivity which includes using language that is free from bias. The link above gives examples of bias-free language, historical context, gender principles for reducing bias, etc. 

Bias-Free Language

Individual of Any Age:

  • Person
  • Individual

12 to 17 Years of Age:

  • Adolescent
  • Young Person
  • Youth

18 Years of Age or Older:

  • Adult
  • Older Population
  • Older People


Person-first Language:

  • Person is emphasized, not the disability
  • People with intellectual disabilities
  • People with substance use disorders

Bias-free Terms:

  • Person with disability
  • Physically disabled persons
  • Disable person
  • Visually impaired
  • Sight-challenged person


Knowing the difference between "Gender" and "Sex". Gender refers to attitudes, feelings and behaviors that a person has towards what society associates with a person's biological sex. Gender is a social construct and a social identity. 

Bias-free Terms:

  • People
  • Humanity
  • Humankind
  • Human Species
  • Identified Pronouns
  • Pronouns
    • He/Him
    • They/Them
    • She/Her
    • His/Her


Examples of terms for sexual orientation:

  • Lesbian
  • Gay
  • Heterosexual 
  • Straight
  • Asexual
  • Bisexual
  • Pansexual
  • Polysexual (Multisexual and Omnisexual)
  • Queer

Race: Refers to the physical differences between groups and cultures considered socially significant.

Ethnicity: Refers to shared cultural characteristics such as language, ancestry, practices and beliefs. 

Terms for specific groups:

  • African Origin:
    • Caribbean Islanders
    • Latin American
    • African American
  • Asian Origin:
    • ​​​​​​​Asian
    • Asian Canadian
    • Japanese
    • Vietnamese 
    • Ask Asian Origin and use the proper term
  • Indigenous People around the world:
    • ​​​​​​​Native American
    • Native North American
    • Pacific Islander
    • Alaska Natives
    • Indigenous People
    • Aboriginal


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